A sedating effect
Sedatives slow down, or depress, the central nervous system and cause both a physical and mental slowing in the body.
Would you believe that, according to the Encyclopedia of Mental Disorders (2015), 90% of people who enter a hospital in the United States are given some type of sedative during their stay?There are two main types of prescription sedatives: benzodiazepines and barbiturates.All sedatives are addictive, and it is possible to develop a tolerance to them, which means it takes more and more to achieve the desired effect. We have over 95 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 2,000 colleges and universities.A sedative is a drug that slows down or depresses the central nervous system and therefore slows down both the physical and mental processes in the body.There are many different types of sedatives, from prescription medications to alcohol to illegal 'street' drugs.The second class of prescription sedatives, which is actually older than the benzodiazepines, is the barbiturates.
Barbiturate use really exploded in the 1960's, and some common trade names for barbiturates include Halcion, Nebutal, Seconal, and Butisol.
Benzodiazepines are NOT meant to be taken long-term, as they are very addictive.
Not surprisingly, some physicians have over-prescribed sedatives such as Xanax and, as a result, many of their patients have developed addictions to them.
Back when barbiturate use was coming into vogue, it was common for people to take these sedatives with alcohol, which as we mentioned earlier, is also a sedative. When too many sedatives are taken, not only does the brain begin to shut down, but so do the heart and lungs.
A famous case in the 1970's concerned Karen Ann Quinlan, who became unconscious one evening after combining prescription sedatives with alcohol.
One of the most important goals of clinicians is patient comfort.