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1560 - Iroquoian tribes south of the Great Lakes, at war with each other and surrounded by more numerous Algonquian enemies, are on the verge of extinction.The Iroquois Confederacy, the League of the Five Nations, is founded by Deganawidah and Hiawatha. 1600 - The name "Hurons" is given to the Wyandots of the Huron Confederacy by the French.
The Iroquois discover firearms.1629 - August 9; after a relief expedition sent by Richelieu from France is captured by privateers, Champlain is forced to surrender Quebec to the English.At the invitation of Sieur Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac, Wyandots move south from Michilimackinac to settle in the vicinity of the new fort, but pro- and anti-French (anti-Catholic) divisions persist.Cadillac himself is hostile toward the Jesuits and their missionary efforts.1709-1742 - The Delaware gradually move in small groups from the Delaware River valley to lands controlled by the Iroquois on the West Branch of the Susquehanna in central Pennsylvania.The Delaware still on the Susquehanna stay neutral at first.Fort Duquesne (the present Pittsburgh) is built by the French where the Allegheny and Monongahela Rivers join to form the Ohio.The successful revolt temporarily creates a power vacuum in western North America, which the French are quick to exploit.1682 - April 9; Rene Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, having descended the full length of the Mississippi with an exploring party of 23 Frenchmen and 31 Indians, claims all of the lands drained by the river and its tribu-taries for France and names it Louisiana.
July 15; the Delaware sign a treaty with Penn's repre-sentative William Markham at the present site of Germantown, Pennsylvania; Voltaire claims this is the only treaty with the Indians that whites never broke.1701 - July 24; Fort Pontchartrain du Detroit is founded by the French.
Respected by surrounding Algonquian tribes, the Wyandots are now regarded by the Six Nations as their viceroys in Ohio.
Their influence greatly exceeds their numbers.1738 - The Wyandot chief Orontony, called Nicholas, has become estranged from the Ottawa and the French.
With his followers he leaves Detroit to establish a new village at Lower Sandusky (present Fremont, Ohio).
With his followers he leaves Detroit to establish a new village at Lower Sandusky (present Fremont, Ohio).1744 - August 8; Fort de la Trinite, popularly called Fort de Cavagnial, is established by the French on the west bank of the Missouri River near the principal Kansa village, just north of the present Fort Leavenworth.
Ottawa to Wyandot to Iroquois fur trade flourishes, supported by Wyandot agricultural surplus.