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Methods of absolute fossil dating

Evolution & Ecology " (see its HOME PAGE .) The result is that some areas, such as the glossary are shared.Widgets Human evolution from an ancestral primate species is not a vague hypothesis, but a historical fact.

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erectus (including the Java and Peking hominids - the archetypal Missing Link) and H.Between the mid-1930s and mid 1940s geneticists, systematists and palaeontologists collaborated to create a united approach to evolution, the "Modern Synthesis".Ernst Mayr reduced all the hominid (human ancestor: (see hominid books)) fossil records to three species, A.This environment has a living (other animals) and non-living component (e.g. Widgets A unique adaptation usually precedes the entry into a new niche .Tool use by our early ancestors is one such adaptation.[2] Natural selection, gene flow and random genetic drift (the random change in gene combinations with each generation) drive evolution, resulting in a change in gene frequencies within populations .

[3] Adaptation is genetically based and so leads to phenotypic changes that accumulate over time; [4] Speciation (species formation) evolves through reproductive isolation and (genetic) divergence of populations; [5] Genetic changes through natural selection lead to new species and eventually new taxa .

sapiens (including Neanderthals and Cro-Magnon) (see the modern taxonomic classification of humans).

This formed the foundation of the neo-Darwinian evolutionary theory.

Once multicellular organisation became possible as atmospheric oxygen levels rose, the early multicellular organisms rapidly diverged into many adaptive forms.

Mass extinction events and an organism's unique adaptations mark the history of evolution, both of which may lead to adaptive radiation.

Social forces appear to have directed much of the evolution of humanity but we are still subject to natural selection.